Peru Tours – Background and General Information

Peru is a South American nation that borders the Pacific ocean on one side and nations such as Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia and Chile. The country is one of the major tourist destination nations in South America and you can get reasonable prices guided tours in Peru from a local or online travel agents. The following general information will give you a overview of the country before taking the Peru tours.


Peru is known for its association with some of the oldest civilization societies of the world. In fact, the main attractions for Peru tours are the archaeological sites of pre-Colombian societies. Guided tours in Peru will more often than not include a visit to the center of the ancient Inca’s Empire site that give evidence to some of the oldest civilizations of man.


Peru has 3 different types of climatic regions. The cost of Peru is dry and cool due to the cold currents flowing at the South Pacific ocean bordering the country. The area receives less than 50mm of rainfall throughout the year making it a dry region with little vegetation cover. The coast line has cliffs and is rocky, probably not so conducive for beach Peru tours. Peru other climatic region is the Andes mountain region. The mountains raise to over 6,700 meters above sea level making the region one of the highest in the world. Around the mountains, rainfall is consistent and there weather is good for farming and livestock raring. The third climatic region in Peru is the Amazon river jungle. The region comes just after the mountainous area and it has a thick jungle of tropical rain forests. There is little human civilization along the river basin. The general weather of Peru is warm falling close to the equator. However, if you take guided tours in Peru, you will be instructed of the specific weather to expect at specific regions and at specific times of the year.


There are many regions one can explore wile taking guided tours in Peru. The country occupies 1,285,216 square kilometers and has a population of 29.5 people. Major cities in the country include the capital, Lima, which is also the largest city along the Pacific coast. Other cities include Cusco, Huaraz, Iquitos, Pisco and Puno.


Though the nation is rich in natural resources and high revenue from guided tours in Peru, the country is a developing nation with 36{a090313c524763ad35c338d0941c6e5e266e5237d5b7f3be81470a8de3304f12} of its population living below the IMF poverty line. The country is also known for the wide gap between the poor and the rich and 12.6{a090313c524763ad35c338d0941c6e5e266e5237d5b7f3be81470a8de3304f12} of the population is said to be extremely poor with a very small percentage of rich Hispanic elite controlling most of the wealth and resources. If you plan on taking Peru tours for vacation, you will need to adhere to various travel tips associated with traveling to developing nations. This includes caution when booking a hotel, taking food from restaurants, drinking tap water and cation when traveling through different regions.


Peru has many lovely sites for Peru tours. These include Machu Picchu, an archaeological site, the Colca Canyo, which is a beautiful landscape scenery with wildlife and lovely vegetation. You can also take a trek or hike on these areas via guided tours of Peru. Other Peru tours attractions include the Manu national park, the Nazca line, Cuzo the sacred valley, Lake Titicaca and the Amazon river.

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